For many years we’ve thought Lagoon 1, the low-lying area at the southern end of the Lost City (Heit el-Ghurab) site, was once an ancient harbor that brought supplies to the city via the Nile.
To the north of this proposed harbor, we found a series of large silos in the Royal Administrative Building. This is where grain was stored before it was turned into bread and beer to feed the pyramid workers.
To the south, we discovered the Standing Wall Island building, which contained a large open area with a paperclip-like entrance that formed a chute. This enclosure seemed like it could be where cattle were delivered, before being butchered to provide meat for the pyramid workers. We even started calling it the OK (Old Kingdom) Corral.
However, the corral’s actual entrance, along with the southern half of the silo building and most of the proposed harbor, ran under a modern soccer field, leaving us unable to see a large and crucial portion of our site.
This year we finally got permission to start excavating under the old soccer field and we hoped to finally prove our harbor and corral hypotheses. But when we went to “ground truth” the corral entrance, we found something unexpected!… READ MORE »
Journeys of the Pyramid Builders
Archaeology Magazine, July/August 2022
The cover story of Archaeology magazine is about Pierre Tallet’s work at Wadi al-Jarf, AERA’s work on the Giza Plateau, and how these two sites together help to tell the story of how Khufu’s pyramid was built.
A Refreshing Look at Egypt’s Ancient Pyramids
New York Times, July 2022
Photographer Tanveer Badal came to visit our site last year as we started our excavations at the Lost City of the Pyramids.
Great Pyramid Temple Conservation Project
American Research Center in Egypt (ARCE), 2020
Mark Lehner interviewed on Good Talk Minot
Good Talk Minot, 2019
Decoding the Great Pyramid
NOVA, 2019 video available online for PBS members or for purchase
Two 4,500-Year-Old Homes Found Near Giza Pyramids
Live Science, 2018
The Long-Hidden ARCE Sphinx Mapping Project Is Unveiled
American Research Center in Egypt (ARCE), 2018
Sphinx Mapping Digital Database: Unlocking the archive of the Great Sphinx
American Research Center in Egypt (ARCE), 2018
Giza Pyramids: Stairways to Heaven
Discover Magazine, 2018
How the Pyramids built Egypt, Taking a New Look at Life and Death in Giza
Current World Archaeology, 2018 (print only)
Unlocking the ‘Lost City of the Pyramids,’ and other Giza mysteries
Did the Egyptians create a canal and a port to bring stone to the Great Pyramid?… READ MORE »
This holiday season we are grateful for all of our members who’ve given us the opportunity to continue our research in Egypt. Thanks to you, we are back in Giza and hard at work on three back-to-back field projects.
We are so excited to be able to share this update from the field with you. Your membership or end of year donation will help ensure that 2022 will be our busiest and most exciting year yet!We have three major field projects we will be working on through 2022
We began this year’s fieldwork by digging pilot trenches in the soccer field that covers the southeastern part of the “Lost City of the Pyramids.” We’ve been waiting more than 20 years to see what is under the soccer field. Preliminary data from these trenches, along with new information from Pierre Tallet’s work at Wadi el-Jarf, hints that an undiscovered palace and harbor for the 4th Dynasty pyramid-building kings may be buried here!
After a short break for the holidays, we will be returning to oversee the demolition of the soccer field and begin a major excavation of the buildings that remain untouched underneath. We are excited to once again work with young Egyptian archaeologists and have the opportunity to share with them our methods of systemic archaeology and site recording.… READ MORE »
In “Decoding the Great Pyramid,” AERA’s Claire Malleson, Glen Dash, Richard Redding, and Mark Lehner join Salima Ikram and Pierre Tallet to discuss the latest research into how the Great Pyramid was built and how building it transformed Egyptian society. Now PBS is making this and some of their other favorite NOVA episodes available online for free.
How did the ancient Egyptians engineer Khufu’s Great Pyramid at Giza so precisely? Who were the thousands of laborers who raised the stones and how were they housed and fed? And how did mobilizing this colossal labor force transform Egypt? Watch “Decoding the Great Pyramid” to find out.
The Egypt Exploration Society will be offering a new lecture by Dr. Claire Malleson, AERA”s Director of Archaeological Science, titled “The economy of “building” the pyramids.” This lecture will offered on January 26th and again on January 28th.
When people ask “how were the pyramids built?” they are usually thinking about the engineering of the construction, not about the phenomenal level of careful planning and logistics that had to be in place in order for the project to even begin to be possible. One critically important aspect that is rarely considered is the provision of food – bread, meat, beer, fish – to the teams involved. This talk will present current research on evidence for the logistics of providing to the “workers” at Giza in the 3rd Millennium BC.
Dr Claire Malleson is Assistant Professor of Archaeology at the American University of Beirut, and Director of Archaeological Science for Ancient Egypt Research Associates. She specializes in the study of ancient Egyptian plant remains, and agriculture.
Register in advance using the links below. After registering, you will receive a confirmation email containing information about joining the meeting. Webinars have a limited attendance capacity, so please only sign up if you’re confident that you can attend.… READ MORE »
This year we are especially grateful to our members who’ve given us the opportunity to continue our work throughout this challenging year. Thanks to their support we were able to adapt to changing conditions and continue to search for clues to the development of Egyptian civilization and help to preserve Egypt’s heritage for the future.
- While our spring excavation season was cut short, we were able to explore the Menkaure Valley Temple‘s foundations and finish excavating its southwestern side.
- We documented and helped conserve the remains of the Great Pyramid Temple and are improving the visitor experience at this important but often overlooked site.
- We are finishing work on the Objects Publication Project documenting the everyday items used by the people who constructed the Giza pyramids.
- We published the beautifully illustrated and researched Treasures from the Lost City of Memphis museum catalog, which we’ve made freely available to download.
- Dr. Mark Lehner was able to share our work with AERA members and others in an online lecture on The People Who Built the Pyramids.
Looking Forward to 2021: From Discovery in the Field to Publication
While we’re grateful for the work we were able to get done this year, like everyone we hope for the chance to do even more in the upcoming year.… READ MORE »
AERA members are invited to watch the online lecture “The People Who Built the Pyramids – How We Know” given by Dr. Mark Lehner. The lecture will premiere on Saturday, October 17 at 1:00pm ET & be available for viewing for 48 hours.
Not an AERA member yet? Join now to attend the online lecture and help support our work in Egypt!
For the past thirty years, Dr. Mark Lehner has directed AERA’s excavations at the Giza Pyramids Plateau. This project has revealed the settlements and everyday life of the people who built the pyramids, including their workshops, bakeries, barracks, and the houses of those who administered the pyramid projects. Dr. Lehner’s talk will elaborate on recent discoveries, including the reconstruction of buried waterways and harbor basins that match information from the Wadi el-Jarf Papyri and Journal of Merer, the leader of a team who delivered stone for Khufu’s Great Pyramid. Learn about the royal port and palace city sprawled below the Giza Pyramids and what we now know about the people who built the pyramids.
This lecture in honor of International Archaeology Day is co-hosted by the Department of Egyptian Art of The Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Archaeological Institute of America, the Archaeological Institute of America – New York Society, the American Research Center in Egypt, the American Research Center in Egypt, New York Chapter.… READ MORE »
We are delighted to announce the publication of Treasures from the Lost City of Memphis, by AERA archaeologist Aude Gräzer Ohara. This detailed catalog of the remarkable collection of artifacts from the Mît Rahîna museum is now freely available to students, scholars, and museum visitors from around the world.
Click here to download a PDF copy of Treasures from the Lost City of Memphis.
The museum of Mît Rahîna sits on archaeological remains in the heart of the Memphite ruin field and displays a substantial and remarkable collection of monuments, including several unique pieces that deserve to be more widely known. With this book we hope to offer insight into the museum’s collection and context, as well as the history and excavation of Memphis, Egypt’s ancient capital city.
This important research work stems from our Memphis Development Project (MDP), a joint effort with the University of York, funded by a grant from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and AERA’s members and donors. The MDP grew from deep roots: AERA’s long history of field schools for Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities Inspectors, including Beginners, Advanced, Salvage Archaeology, and Scientific Analysis and Publication.
In 2011 and 2014 we ran field schools at Memphis, the first major field archaeology projects there in 20 years.… READ MORE »
Thanks to the support of our members and donors, in 2019 we were able to bring together specialists from around the world to search for answers about the origins and development of Egyptian civilization and help preserve Egypt’s heritage for the future.
Returning to the Menkaure Valley Temple (MVT) and the Great Sphinx of Giza
We returned to the MVT to excavate its western side, unseen since George Reisner discovered the famous statue of Menkaure and Queen in 1910, where we made some intriguing discoveries.
Along with Dr. Zahi Hawass and the Glen Dash Foundation, we conducted a geophysical survey of the Sphinx Temple using ground penetrating radar. We also collaborated with Yukinori Kawae and a Japanese team to carry out 3D recording of the Sphinx by drone, photogrammetry, and laser scanning.
Preserving & Interpreting Egypt’s Heritage: From Monuments to Everyday Life
Thanks to 2019-2020 grants from ARCE, we’ve begun work on two conservation projects. The Great Pyramid Temple Project aims to conserve what remains of Khufu’s pyramid temple and to promote greater visitor understanding of the pyramid complex as a whole.
The AERA Objects Publication Project will create a freely accessible archive of data about the everyday items used by the individuals involved in the construction of the Giza pyramids and mortuary cults and will offer scholars a unique insight into Old Kingdom economy, administration, technology, and daily life.… READ MORE »
AERA’s 2019 Field Season Report: New Findings from the Menkaure Valley Temple
During our 2019 Field Season, we returned to the Menkaure Valley Temple (MVT), an area crucial to our understanding of the overall settlement of the Giza Plateau. We believe that when people abandoned the Heit el-Ghurab (HeG) settlement (also known as the Lost City of the Pyramid Workers) they resettled near the Khentkawes Town (KKT) and MVT. The nature of these sites then changed from infrastructures for large royal works to service centers for the cults of the deceased kings.Figure 1: The central-southeastern Giza Plateau showing the location of the Menkaure Valley Temple where AERA worked during Season 2019. Map by Rebekah Miracle from AERA GIS.
The First and Second Temples
George Reisner excavated the MVT between 1908 and 1910, but he never saw the whole temple exposed in phase, so his plan of the temple is reconstructed from separate exposures. It was clear to Reisner that he had two major periods: an earlier mudbrick “First Temple” (shown in green on Fig. 2) completed by Menkaure’s successor Shepseskaf and a later “Second Temple” (shown in orange on Fig. 2) built over 200 years later, probably under king Pepi II.… READ MORE »