AERA News Archive

AERA’s Sphinx data to go online

sphinxMark Lehner’s 1979-1983 work with James Allen on the Sphinx Project is still the only systemic survey and architectural study of the Great Sphinx of Giza that has ever been made. The Sphinx Project’s archive includes:

  • a stack over 5 feet long of written reports, notes, journal entries, site forms, and survey data,
  • 7716 photographs,
  • 266 architectural drawings and maps, one of which unrolls to over six feet long!

These documents show the bedrock surface of the Sphinx’s body, the history of its ancient repair, and the degree of erosion that existed when stonemasons first added its protective casing. Much of this evidence has since been covered by subsequent restoration work and is no longer visible.

For more than 35 years, these documents have remained largely unpublished and inaccessible to researchers. Now, thanks to a grant from the American Research Center in Egypt, we are hard at work scanning, digitizing and cataloging the data in order to make this archive of information freely and permanently available online through Open Context. We look forward to announcing its online launch sometime next year!

Click here to read more about the original Sphinx Project’s findings.… READ MORE »


“Memphis, Ancient Egypt’s Premier City” Lecture in Egypt

hathor-headDr. David Jeffreys and Freya Sadarangani, Field Director for Ancient Egypt Research Associates (AERA), will be giving a lecture on “Memphis, Ancient Egypt’s Premier City.”

Date: Saturday, December 3rd, 2016
Time: 6:00 pm
Place: Garden Room, British Council,
192 Sharei El-Nil St. Agouza-Cairo

While many visitors make a brief stop at the “Open-air Memphis Museum” at Mit Rahina to look down upon a colossal limestone statue of Ramesses the Great, they pass right by eight sites where archaeologists have excavated important parts of Memphis, including the Great Temple of Ptah, the Apis House (a major tourist stop in Roman times), a Hathor Temple, a New Kingdom shrine, and a series of early tombs and residences.

Ancient Egypt Research Associates (AERA), in collaboration with the University of York and the Ministry of Antiquities, and funded by USAID, is currently developing an archaeological walking circuit that will guide visitors through some of the most important Memphite sites, while also conserving the cultural heritage of Memphis by cleaning and documenting this endangered area. In this lecture we aim to show how much has been done in documenting Memphis in recent years, what is happening now, and what could be achieved in the future.

Click here for more information about the Memphis Site & Community Development Project.… READ MORE »


Another Piece of the Pedestal Puzzle

This pedestal, found tucked in a closet in the courtyard of the AA-S house, is the best preserved example we have found to date. 3D image created by Kirk Roberts

This pedestal, found tucked in a closet in the courtyard of the AA-S house, is the best preserved example we have found to date. 3D image created by Kirk Roberts

Ever since we uncovered the first pedestals on the Heit el-Ghurab (Lost City of the Pyramid Workers) site, we have puzzled over their function. The first pedestals were found in 1988 in what came to be known as the Pedestal Building and had tops that were completely eroded and revealed little about their purpose. Eventually we concluded that they probably supported some sort of storage device, such as a bin that straddled the space between two pedestals.

Since that initial discovery, we’ve found many more pedestals in various configurations: both large groups & small sets, in closets & out in the open, isolated & aligned in rows in institutional structures — but always with a gap, or slot, between pedestals.

One big clue to the pedestals function came in the 2006-2007 seasons when we discovered a row of pedestals at the southern end of the Pedestal Building with low mud partitions on top that appeared to define where bins may have rested. In front of some of the slots between the pedestals we found beer jars propped upright at the gaps, as if positioned to catch drips from whatever was stored above or perhaps to serve as standard measures for doling out the contents.… READ MORE »


Watch “Unearthed: Dark Secrets of the Pyramids” on Science Channel

UnearthedIn this new Science Channel documentary, AERA’s Mark Lehner and Glen Dash discuss their most recent survey work at the Great Pyramid of Giza and the system of blocks and grooves within the pyramid used to protect the King’s Chamber from tomb robbers.

Watch a trailer and read more about the documentary on LiveScience, catch it this month on the Science Channel, or watch it now online!… READ MORE »


Ana Tavares to give a talk in the UK

Ana TavaresAERA’s Co-Field Director, Ana Tavares, will be giving a talk on July 9th at the Ancient Egypt & Middle East Society. 

Living in a liminal zone: The pyramid builder’s settlement at Heit el-Ghurab, Giza
This discussion highlights the architecture and layout of the settlement, and provides new insights on the dynamic relationship between the community and the ancient Egyptian state during the mid-fourth dynasty c.2490 BC

Living in a liminal zone: The priests’ ‘town’ of Queen Khentkawes at Giza
This site is unique in the Old Kingdom period and new information from the AERA’s excavations here is discussed in this talk, allowing us to ‘read the town’ and gain an understanding of its development.

For more information or to book a ticket: http://www.aemes.co.uk/… READ MORE »


Mit Rahina 2016 Field School: Applications Open

Mit Rahina 2016
Site Management and Heritage Field-Schools
Saturday 18th September to Thursday 27th October 2016 (FS3)
Sunday 6th November to Saturday 17th December 2016 (FS4)
Ancient Egypt Research Associates (AERA)

Three of our field school students examine a colossus of Ramesses II located at Memphis

Three of our 2015 field school students examine a colossus of Ramesses II from Memphis

Applications are opened to inspectors of the Ministry of Antiquities (MA) for the Mit Rahina 2016 Site Management and Heritage Field-School run by AERA. There are 25 places for Inspectors of the Ministry of Antiquities for each field school. Applicants must have been with the MA for longer than one year, and may have had a field-school before.

The Mit Rahina project is developing a walking circuit of eight archaeological sites for visitors to experience the rich cultural heritage of ancient Memphis. The Mit Rahina Site management and Heritage Field-school provides training in preparing desk-based site assessments; archaeological recording and site preparation; techniques of site management and cultural heritage, including production of signage and site interpretation materials; as well as development of activities for interaction with the public. The training will include site work in Mit Rahina, lectures and workshops as well as report writing and presentations. Applicants must have a serious interest in explaining archaeological sites to the public.… READ MORE »


Ana Tavares to Speak to Essex Archaeology Group

March 6th, 3:00pm
The Barn. Spring Lodge Community Centre, Powers Hall End, Witham, Essex CM8 2HE

KKTphotoRecent archaeological work at the 4th dynasty funerary complex of Queen Khentkawes, at Giza, has provided a new understanding of her priests’ ‘town’ and revealed a basin and valley complex.

The architectural layout of the ‘town’, and new information on its occupation, abandonment and formal re-occupation, indicate a site at the interface of sacred and secular, settlement and institution, desert and cultivation – hence ‘liminal’. The houses in the Khentkawes site are large but all the same size so showing no social hierarchy, which is very different (if we consider textual evidence) from ‘pyramid towns’. Further the administration of royal funerary cults, elsewhere, was carried out by a rotation of priests, probably occupying small houses on a temporary basis. In contrasts at the Khentkawes site the architectural layout suggests that the houses were occupied permanently by a priesthood of the same rank.

Finally we will look at the Khentkawes site in the broader context of other thriving settlements at Giza.

Ana Tavares is co-Field Director of Ancient Egypt Research Associates (AERA), working mainly on the Heit el-Ghurab settlement and Khentkawes site at Giza. She has worked extensively in Egypt, in site from Alexandria to Aswan, spanning the Early Dynastic to Islamic periods.… READ MORE »


Happy Holidays from AERA!

ebulletin_xmas_pic

AERA’s work is made possible thanks to the support of a science-minded community of interest in ancient Egypt. Join our adventure of discovery. Become an AERA member and help us explore further.

From excavating Egypt’s ancient cities to training the next generation of Egyptian archaeologists, 2015 has been a great year for AERA.

  • We continued our excavations at the Lost City of the Pyramid Builders on the Giza plateau, uncovering two new administrative houses.
  • We received a two-year USAID grant to help develop Egypt’s cultural heritage infrastructure at the ancient city of Memphis.
  • We celebrated the tenth anniversary of our field school program in Egypt.
  • We trained 46 field school students at three different field schools, helping to build the future of Egyptian archaeology.

At AERA, we use the unique archaeological opportunity we have at Giza to lead in archaeological training and cultural exchange on a scale that would not be possible within a large institution. We see the light of a future generation of Egyptian archaeologists, saving and presenting their own deep cultural heritage and becoming part of a new and better horizon for Egypt and the entire region. Help us make this a reality.

Mark LehnerThank you to everyone who helps us make our research and training possible.… READ MORE »


AERA Starts Two-Year Project at Ancient Memphis

AERA Helps Develop Egypt’s Cultural Heritage Infrastructure

Three of our field school students examine a colossus of Ramesses II located at Memphis

Three of our field school students examine a colossus of Ramesses II located at Memphis

AERA is pleased to announce that we have been awarded a grant for a two-year project from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). AERA is partnering with the Ministry of Antiquities of Egypt and the University of York to develop the Ancient Memphis Walking Circuit within a wider heritage and training program at the ancient city of Memphis.

Memphis was Egypt’s largest settlement and a major economic center, particularly for international trade. During much of its history it was the administrative and religious center of Pharaonic Egypt and its temples were some of the most important in Ancient Egypt. The only other site comparable in political, religious and economic importance was Luxor, yet today we know far less about Memphis.

While many visitors make a brief stop at the “Open-air Museum/Sculpture Garden” to look down upon a colossal limestone statue of Ramses the Great, they pass right by eight sites where archaeologists have excavated important parts of Memphis, including the Great Temple of Ptah, the Apis House (a major tourist stop in Roman times), a Hathor Temple, a New Kingdom shrine, and a series of early tombs and residences.… READ MORE »


Giza & the Port of Khufu featured on Smithsonian

4DA58544-C1A9-4E53-9278678CB98159DF_cover (1)Watch Mark Lehner, Pierre Tallet, Peter James and others discuss the building of Khufu’s pyramid, AERA’s work on the Giza plateau, the port of Khufu, and the papyri found at Wadi el-Jarf on “Secrets: Great Pyramid.” Airing on the Smithsonian channel and also available online now.

Click here for showtimes or to watch it online.

Read an article from the October 2015 issue of Smithsonian Magazine that examines how the recent discovery of a port of Khufu at Wadi el-Jarf on the Red Sea coast helps to illuminate AERA’s own work on the Giza plateau.

Read the full text of this article online.READ MORE »


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